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Radicalisation

RADICALISATION & EXTREMISM

 

I know some of you have concerns around recent events in the news regarding radicalisation and extremism.

 

As a school, we have duty to be very aware of how radicalisation and extremism can impact on our children and families. Therefore, with this in mind, I would like to make you aware of some of the measures the school takes to keep children safe.

 

Those with extremist views will often try and express their views through social networking and the internet, such as YouTube clips etc. We have a firewall in school which is recommended by Kent Education Authority which helps prevent social networking sites being accessed in school and limits websites and images.

 

We have an Extremism and Radicalisation Policy which helps set out how staff should deal with concerns and there are a number of signs  identified with radicalisation which staff can be aware of and alert to.

 

Our school strongly promote British Values, one of which is Tolerance. We bring this into assemblies, Circle times, when dealing with inappropriate behaviour and any other opportunities within our curriculum to ensure children understand tolerance and respect for others. RESPECT is also one of our School Values.

 

Staff have had some training relating to Radicalisation and Extremism and are aware of what to look out for. The school has lockdown procedures for any such relevant emergencies.

What is radicalisation?

Radicalisation is defined as the process by which a person comes to support terrorism and forms of extremism leading to terrorism –
HM Government, Prevent Strategy, June 2011, Annex A: Glossary of Terms.


What is extremism?

Extremism is defined as vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs. It includes calls for the death of members of armed forces, whether in the UK or overseas – HM Government, Prevent Strategy, June 2011, Annex A: Glossary of Terms.


What obligations are schools under to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism?

From July 2015, all schools, registered early years childcare providers and childcare providers are under a duty to have due regard to the need to prevent pupils from being drawn into terrorism. Further information is contained in Department for Education’s Departmental Advice on “The Prevent Duty – Departmental Advice for schools and childcare providers” (June 2015).

“Due regard” means that schools should place an appropriate amount of weight on the need to prevent people being drawn into terrorism when they consider all the other factors relevant to how they carry out their usual functions.

Being drawn into terrorism includes both violent extremism and non-violent extremism, which can create an atmosphere conducive to terrorism and can promote views which terrorists exploit.

This duty is known as the ‘Prevent Duty’ and applies to the following educational establishments:

  • maintained schools and nurseries;
  • non-maintained special schools;
  • academies and free schools;
  • independent schools;
  • alternative provision academies;
  • 16–19 academies;
  • pupil referral units;
  • registered childcare providers;
  • providers of holiday schemes for disabled children.

Schools and childcare providers should have clear policies and procedures in place that protect children at risk of radicalisation;  this can be contained within existing safeguarding policies.

To check what type of school your child attends, see our page on Types of Schools and use this resource.


What is The Prevent Duty?

The Prevent Duty has 4 themes:

  1. Risk Assessment: School staff must understand the risks affecting children and young people in their local area, with the assistance of the Local Authority and the Police, and identify those children who may be vulnerable to radicalisation. This requires school staff to be alert to changes in a child or young person’s behaviour and exercise professional judgement as to whether they are at risk.
  2. Staff Training: The Home Office has developed an interactive facilitated ‘Workshop to Raise Awareness of Prevent’ (WRAP) aimed at training frontline staff such as teachers on how to identify children at risk.
  3. IT Policies: Schools must take steps to keep children safe online such as through appropriate filtering of school web-page content.
  4. Working in Partnership: Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCBs) must co-ordinate local agencies to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. Local Authorities can also provide dedicated Prevent co-ordinators to work with schools in high-priority areas.

It is also imperative that Local Authorities engage with parents and families.

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